'The Law and the Prophets'
John 19:30 So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
Immediately after our Lord proclaimed that it was finished, He died. This is significant for what were the things that His death had fulfilled?
1. Sinless and Perfect Sacrifice
Mat 5:17-18 "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled."
Our Lord having fulfilled the Law and the Prophets was found to be perfect and without sin at His death on the cross, so that His precious blood was able to cleanse men's sin with redemption.
1 Pet 1:18-19 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition from your fathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.
2. Great and Dreadful Day of the Lord
Mal 4:5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord.
The great and dreadful day of the Lord was the day when the Jews willfully shed innocent blood, killed their Messiah and put the curse upon themselves.
The death of our Lord was also the death of the Old Covenant thereby reducing the Jews to be sinners.
Matthew 27:24-25 When Pilate saw that he could not prevail at all, but rather that a tumult was rising, he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, "I am innocent of the blood of this just Person. You see to it." And all the people answered and said, "His blood be on us and on our children."
3. Obsolete the Old Covenant
Mat 27:50-51 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit. Then, behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth quaked, and the rocks were split
At His death, the veil of the temple was torn into two, signifying that God had left the temple thereby ending Judaism or Old Covenant. All Jews the were sinners for their sin offerings were no longer acceptable to God for He only accept the perfect sacrifice of Christ Jesus.
Rom 11:20 Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear.
4. New Covenant of Grace
Mat 26:28 For this is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
He was crucified and by His death He put His New Covenant into force. This grace was for the salvation of both Gentiles and Jews alike.
Heb 9:16-17 For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives.
5. Prophecy of His Own Death
Mat 16:21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.
Jesus prophesied the manner of His death and resurrection, which is part of His gospel of grace.
Luke 24:46-47 Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.